Planning Publications + Research


2015 | 196 Pages.

Taking a disaster resilience of place approach, this analysis offers three major analysis: 1) An analysis of social vulnerability to coastal flood risk spatially using a suite of social vulnerability indicators(SoVI) and coastal flood modeling for surge and slow onset inundation. 2) Plan content evaluation of the current official community and flood management plans 3) An evaluation of public participation in the creation and implementation of an Integrated Flood Hazard Management Plan.  Author: Christopher J. Carter.

Fall 2015 HAZNET Magazine of the Canadian Risks and Hazards Network (CRHNet)


2015 | Magazine Article

In early May 2015, Resilient Coasts Canada lead Stephanie Chang and graduate researcher and filmmaker Christopher Carter had the opportunity to take a low-altitude flight over the Resilient Coasts UBC study area – the Straight of Georgia in Southwest British Columbia with Lighthawk International conservation flying. The cover image and article on Page 20 offer a unique aerial perspective and reflection on their study area. Authors: Christopher Carter and Stephanie Chang Ph.D.



2015 | Poster and Paper

Of 41 proposed and active mineral development projects today in British Columbia, more than 60% are situated on the territories of indigenous peoples. In the 2013 fiscal year alone mineral development in British Columbia brought more than $400 million in tax revenues. However, disputed land claims, a lack of clarity in protected areas and government-to-government relations remain barriers to mineral investment and indigenous resource governance in the province. Meanwhile, cases such as Tsilqotin v. British Columbia (2014) are redefining the rights and title of indigenous peoples to land, legitimizing occupancy beyond areas intensive use. This paper 1.) Provides literature and legal analyses of the state of mineral development on indigenous lands today in British Columbia today 2.) Evaluates and analyzes one copper-gold mine developments plan content evaluation and 3.) Proposes a value-focused approach to a shared mine lifecycle. Authors: Christopher J. Carter and Malcolm Scoble Ph.D




2014 | 118 pages A policy document produced for the  municipal government the aqua-cultural, coastal and flood prone community of Hagonoy Phillipines. Taking a strategic and value based approach using UN HABITAT best practices for urban climate change planning, this report includes a vulnerability assessment using a Social Vulnerability Indicators (SoVI) approach, policy analyses and illustrated next steps for the municipal planning process. Authors: Tina Barisky, Christopher J. Carter and Eva Crego-Liz   

Towards an Aboriginal Housing Strategy in Vancouver Canada


2014 | 39 pages

Today, a majority of Aboriginal people in Canada live in cities. A quarter whom live in Vancouver. More than a third of Vancouver’s homeless population identifies as Aboriginal. Housing the under-housed and homeless in Vancouver takes tact, this document analyses access to, governance of and sustainable finance to ensure that the near 53,000 indigenous people in Vancouver have access to adequate, affordable and relevant housing.

Authors: Christopher Carter, Tasha Henderson, Malcolm MacLean & Justin Wiebe

Artists: Alison Bremer, Christopher Carter, Malcolm Maclean, Cole Speck and the Urban Native Youth Association of Vancouver

Special thanks to Pam Brown (Museum of Anthropology) and Michael Gordon (City of Vancouver) for facilitating this policy research.


Participatory Planning and Design with Straight of Georgia Marine Hazard Stakeholders with Resilient Coasts UBC

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The state of EITI implementation in the Kyrgyz Republic has been likened to a Janus state; a place of beginnings and transitions that can lead to either prosperity or destruction. Moving from 2010 ethnic conflicts and revisions to national legislature around land and tenure, implementation of the EITI in the Kyrgyz Republic has the potential to increase efforts towards accountability and transparency if EITI communications are improved and shared decision making around the purpose of the initiative and its revenue allocation are aligned at the local level. This report outlines this progress and some inherent opportunities for improvement.

A policy research paper from the 2014 EITI working group at the UBC Institute for Asian Research.

20 Pages | 2014



This ethnographic research focuses on a uniquely Montana way of life,urbanization, migration and subsequent loss of rural identity are phenomena that are beginning to be recognized and studied through qualitative methodologies. To attempt to describe and explain this phenomena a combination of methodologies including participant visual ethnography including Photovoice and participant video are employed, emerging as the desired method from this community. During fieldwork issues of generational property and social capital transfer, new skilled migrant labor, land management and agricultural subsidy for small scale ranches surfaced as themes that speak directly to identity and policy decisions around agriculture, urbanization, and implications of migration policy in the American West.

Undergraduate Thesis at Montana State University, 2012
23 Pages | 2012


2012 | Pages 10-15 A profile of documentary film and planning fieldwork work in the third installment of Bozeman’s quarterly arts and culture publication. Author: Brian Thabault & Christopher J. Carter


Ulteri – Life and Development in Remote World Regions


2012 | 28 pages 

Featuring the visual communications of Christopher Carter and global partners in research Ulteri is a magazine dedicated to telling the stories of community based and sustainable development projects from the remote regions of the world and the people behind them. While these regions can provide endless adversity, we hope to share lessons of initiative, innovation and self-determination that arise from those challenges.



Dancing across the gap: Integrated media guide

2012 | 22 pages

The goal of this integrated media unit is to promote understanding , communication and knowledge creation between tribal and non-tribal communities through a multi-modal educational unit for all disciplines. Broken into three parts, this media unit hopes to engage students in the journey of three Cheyenne Women as they travel to the village of Sanambele Mali while exploring issues of science, culture and society. In this unit the teacher should take a facilitator but participant role alongside students working with Northern Cheyenne mentors to enhance mutual understanding across disciplines from the 6th grade up.

Authors: Christopher Carter,  Josette Wooden Legs, and Florence Dunkel. Dancing across the gap: Integrated media guide. Chief Dull Knife College. 22 pp. in press.


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2012 | 3 Films, 12 images and 1 Research Paper

Today participatory media methods such as Photovoice and Participant Video can be used as a method of engaging community in social science research and to better understand the ways in which individuals frame the world and community around them.Through this collaborative installation of prints and participatory films collected during a community health research project in W. Greenland in 2011, I welcome you to experience multiple ways of seeing community —  converging subjective viewpoints of those traditionally deemed the “researcher” and the “researched” and to pose the question what is truly the “best” perspective to see from?

Authors: Community of Paamiut Greenland, Christopher Carter, Dr. Ruth Montgomery Andersen


From the Rez to the University

2010| 26 Pages | Ethnography and Policy Analysis

Post-Migration Socio-Cultural Stressors and Community in the American Indian Council, Montana State University-Bozeman. Today, MSU-Bozeman holds the highest percentage of enrolled Native American students in the history of the institution, with 376 students, 2.95 % of the campuses 12,764 total 4 enrollment. To offer administration with critical insight into policy and funding student support services this ethnography covers the post-migration phase of Native students including personal factors of coping, cultural identity, social support networks, self-esteem, resilience and self-concept.

Author: Christopher Carter